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HIV AIDS IN AFRICA - And all about HIV
AIDS IN AFRICA. /
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Contents of this web Page: HIV AIDS in Africa is the main subject of this web page and other subjects are the relative subjects. Africa is having maximum number of HIV patients so is important to know about that. HIV in Africa is a serious subject to study with.
Introduction: This is a great relevant subject and HIV in Africa is important subject to study deep. It is important to know further on this. HIV AIDS in Africa is important as 10 million African's are suffering of this disease. That is the importance of this subject.
More Information On This Subject: HIV in Africa is a very important subject as HIV is said to be originated in Africa - whether in natural way or from labs- that is a fact.
////Below given information is taken from .avert.org //// Copy right to .avert.org /////
AFRICA AND AIDS/ HIV Some Thoughts-
As every one knows the HIV in Africa is basically exactly the same thing as
HIV/ AIDS in the USA, China or anywhere else. The cause also is always the same – a virus-Human Immunodeficiency
Virus-. There are small differences we can't deny.
The HIV subtypes in Africa are slightly different to the subtypes in the developed world, and this might affect responses to treatment and future vaccines should any be developed . However all HIV subtypes cause AIDS.
Some opportunistic infections are more common in Africa than elsewhere. For example, someone living with HIV in Botswana is more likely to fall ill with tuberculosis than someone living with HIV in the USA, who is more likely to develop other illnesses.
The African region heavily affected by HIV and AIDS than any other region of the world. An estimated 22.5 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2007 and approximately 1.7 million additional people were infected with HIV during that year. In just the past year, the AIDS epidemic in Africa has claimed the lives of an estimated 1.6 million people in this region. More than eleven million children have been orphaned by AIDS.The extent of the AIDS crisis is only now becoming clear in many African countries, as increasing numbers of people with HIV are becoming ill. In the absence of massively expanded prevention, treatment and care efforts, it is expected that the AIDS death toll in sub-Saharan Africa will continue to rise. This means that impact of the AIDS epidemic on these societies will be felt most strongly in the course of the next ten years and beyond. Its social and economic consequences are already widely felt, not only in the health sector but also in education, industry, agriculture, transport, human resources and the economy in general.
The Adult HIV prevalence in East Africa exceeds 6% in Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania.
Large variations exist between the patterns of the AIDS epidemic in different countries in Africa. In some places, the HIV prevalence is still growing. In others the HIV prevalence appears to have stabilised and in a few African nations - such as Kenya and Zimbabwe - declines appear to be under way, probably in part due to effective prevention campaigns. Others countries face a growing danger of explosive growth. The sharp rise in HIV prevalence among pregnant women in Cameroon (more than doubling to over 11% among those aged 20-24 between 1998 and 2000) shows how suddenly the epidemic can surge. Overall, rates of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa appear to have peaked in the late 1990s, and HIV prevalence seems to have declined slightly, although it remains at an extremely high level. Stabilisation of HIV prevalence occurs when the rate of new HIV infections is equaled by the AIDS death rate among the infected population. This means that a country with a stable but very high prevalence must be suffering a very high number of AIDS deaths each year. Although prevalence has declined, the number of Africans living with HIV is rising due to general population growth.
A continued rise in the number of Africans living with HIV and dying from AIDS is not inevitable. There is growing evidence that HIV prevention efforts can be effective, and this includes initiatives in some of the most heavily affected countries. In some countries there have been early and sustained HIV prevention efforts. For example, effective HIV prevention campaigns have been carried out in Senegal, which is still reflected in the relatively low adult HIV prevalence rate of 0.9%. Also, the experience of Uganda shows that a widespread AIDS epidemic can be brought under control. HIV prevalence in Uganda fell from around 15% in the early 1990s to around 5% by 2001. This change is thought to be largely due to intensive HIV prevention campaigns.
More recently, similar declines have been seen in Kenya, Zimbabwe and urban areas of Zambia and Burkina Faso. However, the extremely severe AIDS epidemics in South Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique continue to grow.
Overall a massive expansion in prevention efforts is needed, and although there is no single or immediate tool to prevent new HIV infections, the major components of a successful HIV prevention program are now known.
The distribution of condoms to countries in sub-Saharan Africa has also increased: in 2004 the number of condoms provided to this region by donors was equivalent to 10 for every man,3 compared to 4.6 for every man in 2001.4 In most countries, though, many more condoms are still needed.
AIDS crisis in Africa is a long-term task that requires sustained effort and planning - both within African countries themselves and amongst the international community. One of the most important elements of the fight against AIDS is the prevention of new HIV infections. HIV prevention campaigns that have been successful within African countries need to be highlighted and repeated. The other main challenge is providing treatment and care to those living with HIV in Africa, in particular ARVs, which can allow people living with HIV to live long and healthy lives. Many African countries have made significant progress in their treatment program in recent years and it is likely that the next few years will see many more people receiving the drugs.
////Copy right of the above written article is to .avert.org//////
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HIV AIDS In Africa -This page is all about the subject - HIV AIDS In Africa.